Proposal for a relationship between educational paradigms and engineering teaching-learning techniques

Palabras clave: Educación, aprendizaje, técnicas de enseñanza, competencias, educación en ingeniería

Resumen

Durante siglos, los docentes de ingeniería han utilizado paradigmas educativos y estrategias o técnicas de enseñanza que se asocian principalmente a la repetición de prácticas de enseñanza basadas en modelos exitosos que han visto, sin comprenderlos de manera más exhaustiva. El marco normativo de renombre internacional ABET ha redefinido el papel de la educación de ingenieros, incluidas las habilidades profesionales, como el liderazgo, la comunicación, la comprensión de la ética, la capacidad de trabajar en equipo y la profesionalidad de la ingeniería en un contexto global y social, fomentando el aprendizaje permanente, y el conocimiento de temas contemporáneos. Estas competencias que exigen estas organizaciones, es necesario utilizar técnicas didácticas de enseñanza-aprendizaje en el aula. Como resultado, la necesidad de analizar el papel y el propósito de los educadores de ingeniería, es algo esencial en el contexto de esta investigación, proporcionando una guía para comprender el complejo proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje de sus estudiantes. Esta revisión bibliográfica, brinda al docente de ingeniería una guía de qué técnica didáctica se puede aplicar en el aula, según las habilidades y destrezas que desee desarrollar en sus alumnos.

Biografía del autor/a

Gonzalo Garcés, Universidad del Bío-Bío

as a Civil Engineer (PE), he received a BSC. in Civil Engineering from the Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chile. He has dedicated part of his professional life to engineering education, specifically focused on the study of educational paradigms and teaching techniques used in engineering education. His work has been published in high-impact journals, such as the International Journal of Engineering Education and the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice

Eric Forcael, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Concepción, Chile

is an associate professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chile. He earned his BSC. in Civil Engineering from the Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chile, his MBA from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, and his MSc. and PhD. in Civil Engineering from the University of Florida, USA. His research interests include modeling and simulation in construction and civil engineering, and engineering education. His work has been published in high impact journals including Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, and Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice

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Publicado
2020-02-28
Cómo citar
Garcés, G., & Forcael, E. (2020). Proposal for a relationship between educational paradigms and engineering teaching-learning techniques. Revista Educación En Ingeniería, 15(29), 104-113. https://doi.org/10.26507/rei.v15n29.1072